U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, November 2006
This report responds to the mandate for the Commission‘‘to monitor, investigate, and report to Congress on the national security implications of the bilateral trade and economic relationship between the United States and the People’s Republic of China.’’ In this report, the Commission reached a broad and bipartisan consensus; it approved the Report unanimously, with all 12 members voting to approve and submit it. In accordance with our mandate, this report includes detailed treatment of our investigations of the areas identified by Congress for our examination and recommendation.
The Report includes 44 recommendations for Congressional action. Our ten most important recommendations appear on page 14 at the conclusion of the Executive Summary. We offer this fourth Annual Report to the Congress in the hope that it will be useful as an updated baseline for assessing progress and challenges in U.S.-China relations.
Download the Report (Pdf, 921KB, 279Pages)
About U.S.-China Commission:
The U.S.-China Commission (USCC), formally known as the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, was created in October 2000 by the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for 2001.
U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission
The Commission was created on October 30, 2000 by the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for 2001 § 1238, Pub. L. No. 106-398, 114 STAT. 1654A-334 (2000) (codified at 22 U.S.C.§ 7002 (2001), as amended by the Treasury and General Government Appropriations Act for 2002 § 645 (regarding employment status of staff) & § 648 (regarding changing annual report due date from March to June), Pub.L. No. 107-67, 115 STAT. 514 (Nov. 12, 2001); as amended by Division P of the "Consolidated Appropriations Resolution, 2003," Pub L. No. 108-7 (Feb. 20, 2003) (regarding Commission name change, terms of Commissioners, and responsibilities of Commission); as amended by Pub.L. No. 109-108 (enacted Nov. 22, 2005) (regarding responsibilities of Commission and applicability of FACA).
To monitor, investigate, and submit to congress an annual report on the national security implications of the bilateral trade and economic relationship between the United States and the People’s Republic of China, and to provide recommendations, where appropriate, to Congress for legislative and administrative action.
Public Law 109-108 directs the Commission to focus its work and study on the following eight areas: proliferation practices, economic transfers, energy, U.S. capital markets, regional economic and security impacts, U.S.-China bilateral programs, WTO compliance, and the implications of restrictions on speech and access to information in the People’s Republic of China.
The Commission is composed of 12 members, three of whom are selected by each of the Majority and Minority Leaders of the Senate, and the Speaker and the Minority Leader of the House. The Commissioners serve two-year terms.
Larry M. Wortzel (Chairman)
Former Director of the Asian Studies Center and Vice President for foreign policy at the Heritage Foundation; was also the former Director of the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College; former Army Attache at the U.S. Embassy in China. Reappointed by House Speaker J. Dennis Hastert for a term expiring December 31, 2006. Approved as Chairman for the Report cycle 2005-2006 effective February 3, 2006.
Carolyn Bartholomew (Vice Chairman)
Former Chief of Staff, Counsel, Legislative Director, and Foreign Policy Advisor to U.S. House of Representatives Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi; former Professional Staff Member on the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Reappointed by House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi on December 17, 2005 for a term expiring December 31, 2007. Unanimously approved as Vice-Chairman for the report cycle 2005-2006 effective December 21, 2005.
Vice President, Executive Council, AFL-CIO; former International President, United Steelworkers of America. Reappointed by House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi on December 17, 2005 for a term expiring December 31, 2007.
Daniel A. Blumenthal
Resident Fellow in Asian Studies at the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. He is also an Associate in strategy, education and research consultancy at the Strategic Education Association, Inc. Previously, Mr. Blumenthal was senior director for China, Taiwan, and Mongolia in the Office of the Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs during the first George W. Bush administration. Appointed by Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist for a two-year term expiring December 31, 2007.
Senior Fellow for National Security Affairs and Director, Asian Studies Center, The Heritage Foundation. Previously served in the George W. Bush administration as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Affairs; former professional member with the Republican staff of the House Committee on International Relations. Appointed by Speaker J. Dennis Hastert on January 25, 2006 for a term expiring December 31, 2007.
The Hon. C. Richard D’Amato
Maryland attorney; former delegate Maryland House of Delegates; former Counsel to Senator Robert C. Byrd (WV). Served as Commission Chair and Vice-Chairman beginning in April 2001 through December 20, 2005. Reappointed by Senate Democratic Leader Harry Reid on October 5, 2005, for a term expiring December 31, 2007.
Senior Advisor in the international security program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and editor of Armed Forces Journal; former editor of Army Times and executive editor of the National Interest. Appointed by Senate Majority Leader Frist for a two-year term expiring December 31, 2006.
Vice President for Policy for Frontiers of Freedom. Prior to joining Frontiers of Freedom, Ms. Houston served as National Field Director for the American Conservative Union. Also an former executive director of State Policy Network and director of external affairs for Dallas' Institute for Policy Innovation. Appointed by Speaker J. Dennis Hastert on January 25, 2006 for a term expiring December 31, 2007.
The Hon. Patrick A. Mulloy
Adjunct Professor of International Trade Law at Catholic University and George Mason University law schools; former Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Market Access and Compliance; former General Counsel, U.S. Senate Banking Committee. Reappointed for a third two-year term upon the recommendation of the Senate Democratic Leader beginning January 1, 2005 and expiring December 31, 2006.
The Hon. William A. Reinsch
President, National Foreign Trade Council; former Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration; former legislative assistant to Senator John Heinz (PA) and Senator John D. Rockefeller, IV (WV). Reappointed by Senate Democratic Leader Harry Reid on October 5, 2005, for a term expiring December 31, 2007.
The Hon. Fred D. Thompson
Attorney and former United States Senator from Tennessee and member of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. Former Special Counsel to both the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. Appointed by Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist for a two-year term expiring December 31, 2006.
Michael R. Wessel
President of The Wessel Group Inc.; former Counsel to Congressman Richard A. Gephardt (MO). Currently serves as a member on the Board of Directors of the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., the world’s largest tire company. Reappointed by House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi for a term expiring December 31, 2006.