The Urban Poor in Latin America
|March 04 2010|
As Latin Americaís population has become more urbanized, so has its poor. Today, about half of the regionís poor live in cities. Yet the phenomenon of urban poverty is not one that is well studied or well understood. Consequently, policy makers across the region are increasingly concerned about how to design programs and policies to tackle poverty.
Any advice on the matter, however, should take into consideration the answers to a number of questions:
The underlying hypothesis of The Urban Poor in Latin America is that, indeed, the causes of poverty, the nature of deprivation, and the policy levers to fight poverty are, to a large extent, site specific. The book, therefore, looks at strategies for helping the urban poor to make the most of opportunities offered by cities while also coping with the negative aspects of an urban environment. The information contained in the book is of particular interest to policy makers, development practitioners, and academics.
PDF format, 2.3MB, 284Pages.
Marianne Fay, Editor
Despite this relatively low poverty incidence, the number of poor people is high, and most studies agree that about half of the poor in the region live in urban areas. The World Bankís own estimates suggest that 60 percent of the poor (113 million people) and half the extreme poor (46 million people) live in urban areas.
Tackling urban poverty requires answering a number of questions. What is specifically urban about poor people living in cities? Are there different determinants of poverty in urban areas? Is the type of deprivation suffered by the poor in cities different from that in the countryside? And, most important, are the instruments to help the poor different in rural and urban areas?
Reviewing what is specifically urban about poor people living in cities reveals a number of facts that are salient to understanding the challenges facing the urban poor and the means to address these challenges. It also reveals three myths that tend to cloud judgment about urban poverty. All three spring from the common misperception that urban statistics are representative of the urban poor. In fact, because of the relatively low incidence of poverty in cities and Latin Americaís high inequality, urban statistics are almost never representative of the urban poor. ...
|Last Updated ( March 04 2010 )|
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